Login | Register
Back to Australia

Exchange Control

Australian Exchange Controls on Exports and Export Proceeds

Repatriation requirement


Financing requirements


Documentation requirements


Export licences

Export prohibitions and restrictions exist to give effect to quality control measures and the administration of UN Security Council sanctions and to meet obligations under international treaties and commitments under international arrangements. Australia’s ex-port control policies reflect the government’s commitment to ensure that exports of defense and dual-use goods are consistent with Aus-tralia’s interests, international obligations, and commitments. Prohibitions also maintain adequate measures of control over designated cultural property, resources, flora, and fauna; secure conservation objectives; and respond to specific market distortions abroad. Re-maining controls on primary products apply mainly to food and agricultural products. Rough diamonds may be exported only to countries participating in the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (an interna-tional effort to eliminate the trade in “conflict diamonds”) and each rough diamond ship-ment must be accompanied by a Kimberley Process Certificate issued by the Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism. Kimber-ley Process Certificates certify that the rough diamond product is from a legitimate source and not involved in funding conflict. Export controls apply to uranium and related nuclear materials (including tantalum and mineral sands containing monazite) to ensure compli-ance with Australia’s non-proliferation policy obligations and safeguards regime. Restric-tions also apply to certain other nuclear and related materials. Export permits for uranium and other nuclear and related materials are issued by the Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism. Export permits are required from the Australian Radiation Pro-tection and Nuclear Safety Agency for the exportation of high-activity radioactive sources. Licences are required for exports of unprocessed wood, including wood chips. Export restrictions are also applied to certain agricultural products to ensure exporters meet the import conditions imposed by other countries. This is regulated by the Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service, which is responsible for granting export licences for meat, dairy products, eggs, live animals, fish, grains, and some vegetables and fruit. Export licensing requirements have been imple-mented at the request of industry on wine and brandy products in both bulk and bottled form, and are administered by the Australian Wine and Brandy Corporation. These act as a quality assurance measure to ensure that all wines exported from Australia are sound and of merchantable quality (free of obvious faults). Horticulture Australia Limited, a peak industry marketing body, administers export licensing requirements for apples, pears, dried grapes, and oranges to all export markets, and for mandarins, tangelos, grape-fruit, lemons, and limes to the United States. Australia currently has three state trading enterprises (STEs), namely, AWB Interna-tional Ltd (bulk wheat), the Rice Marketing Board for the State of New South Wales (rice), and the Western Australian entity, Grain Pool Pty Ltd (barley, canola, lupins in bulk shipments). AWB International Ltd is the only national body with the remaining two STEs operating at the state level. All three STEs have export powers for selected agricultural products.

With quotas

Australia imposes a total ban on the ex¬port of merino ewes, their genetic ma¬terial, ova, and embryos to any country other than New Zealand. However, merino breeding rams purchased at des¬ignated export auctions and semen from rams included in the National Register of Semen Export Donors (adminis-tered by the Australian Association of Stud Merino Breeders) may be exported. Sales are sub¬ject to Department of Agriculture, Fisher-ies, and Forestry approval and an annual quota of 800 rams a year, with a pro¬vision for up to 100 rams to be placed on a semen donor register. Rams designated for collec-tion of semen for export may not be physi-cally exported. The export restrictions do not apply to merino rams intended for slaughter; however, the ex¬portation of these rams is subject to controls to ensure that they do not enter breeding stocks and to a legal undertak-ing by the exporter to ensure that these ex-ported merino rams will be slaughtered. There is no restriction on the exportation of merino rams or reproductive material to New Zealand.

Export taxes


References to legal instruments and hyperlinks

Customs (Prohibited Exports) Regulations 1958; www.comlaw.gov.au.
Privacy Policy | Terms & Conditions | Contact Us